Life in Newfoundland & Labrador

Learn more about life in Newfoundland & Labrador and the pathways that will get you to Canadian permanent residency status.

Located in the country’s Atlantic region, Newfoundland & Labrador is Canada’s easternmost province. It includes over 7,000 tiny islands. Separated by the Strait of Belle Isle, Labrador forms part of mainland Canada, while Newfoundland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean. It is known for its shimmering coastal views, stony ridges, lush forests, spectacular icebergs, and adorable puffins. Newfoundland & Labrador is a picturesque escape, a perfect blend of rural beauty and urban bustle, content at moving at its own pace.

About Newfoundland & Labrador

Newfoundland & Labrador is a province on the eastern edge of Canada, known for its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and distinct geography. It comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador, offering diverse landscapes and experiences.


Newfoundland & Labrador is the fourth-largest province in Canada, spanning approximately 405,720 square kilometers. The province boasts a varied landscape featuring rugged coastlines, pristine lakes, expansive forests, and the impressive Torngat Mountains.

Population and Demographics

According to the latest Statistics Canada data, Newfoundland & Labrador has a population of around 510,550 people. The province is characterized by a mix of ethnicities, with many residents having Irish, English, and Scottish roots.


The major industries in Newfoundland & Labrador include fishing, offshore oil and gas production, mining, and forestry. The province’s economy plays a crucial role in contributing to the national economic landscape, particularly through its natural resource sectors. If you are looking for a job in Canada, this province should definitely be considered.

Culture and Heritage

Newfoundland & Labrador celebrates various cultural events and festivals, such as the St. John’s Regatta and the George Street Festival. The province holds historical significance, being one of the first places European explorers visited in North America. When you immigrate to Canada and move to this province, you will add to this rich melting pot.


Popular tourist attractions in Newfoundland & Labrador include Gros Morne National Park, Signal Hill, and the historic town of Trinity. Visitors can engage in unique experiences like iceberg and whale watching, immersing themselves in the province’s natural wonders.


Notable educational institutions in Newfoundland & Labrador include Memorial University of Newfoundland and College of the North Atlantic. The education system is structured with primary, secondary, and post-secondary levels, providing a comprehensive learning experience. If you are a teacher looking for a job in Canada, you will find great opportunities in this province.


Newfoundland & Labrador has a healthcare system that serves its residents with various medical facilities, hospitals, and clinics. Renowned medical facilities contribute to the province’s overall healthcare infrastructure.


The main modes of transportation within Newfoundland & Labrador include road networks, ferry services, and regional airports. While the province is well-connected, the transportation infrastructure is adapted to the unique challenges of its geography.


The climate in Newfoundland & Labrador varies, with coastal areas experiencing milder temperatures than inland regions. The province is known for its changeable weather and occasional extreme conditions, including winter storms and sea ice. According to the province’s official website, the island of Newfoundland’s average summer temperature stands at 16°C (61°F), with winter plummeting to around 0°C (32°F). The Labrador winter climate is harsher, with summer temperatures reaching around 25°C (77°F).

Government and Politics

Newfoundland & Labrador is governed as a province within the Canadian federal system. The political landscape includes various parties, with the Liberal Party and Progressive Conservative Party being prominent in provincial politics.


English is the predominant language in Newfoundland & Labrador, reflecting the province’s historical ties to British settlement and exploration. If you plan to immigrate to Canada and settle in this province, learn more about the Canadian Language Benchmark.

Sports and Recreation

Popular sports in Newfoundland & Labrador include ice hockey, soccer, and rugby. The province hosts events like the Tely 10 road race and has a vibrant sports culture, though it may not have a prominent presence in national professional leagues.

Wildlife and Environment

The province has diverse wildlife, including caribou, puffins, and whales. Conservation efforts aim to protect the unique ecosystems, with initiatives addressing issues like overfishing and habitat preservation.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Newfoundland & Labrador can vary, but it is generally lower than the national average. Factors contributing to the cost of living include housing, transportation, and regional economic conditions.

Business and Innovation

While not as prominent as some larger provinces, Newfoundland & Labrador has notable business hubs, particularly in the capital city, St. John’s. The business environment is supportive, focusing on natural resource industries and emerging innovations.

In Demand Jobs in Newfoundland & Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador, dubbed “The Rock” for its rugged coastline and resilient spirit, offers more than breathtaking scenery. The province boasts a thriving economy with diverse job opportunities across various industries, making it an attractive destination for skilled professionals and newcomers who want to work in Canada.

As of January 2024, here’s a snapshot of job openings in Newfoundland and Labrador:

  • Indeed: Over 3,200 jobs posted, with opportunities in healthcare, construction, retail, technology, and more.
  • Job Bank: Nearly 800 listings, highlighting positions in education, government, engineering, transportation, and other sectors.

These figures reveal a healthy job market with openings across diverse fields. To get a better sense of the variety and rewards that await when you set off to work in Canada and settle in this province, let us explore five specific examples:

CityJob TitleIndustrySalary Range (CAD)Description
St. John’sSoftware Developer (NOC21232)Technology60,000 CAD – 90,000 CADDesign and develop innovative software solutions for local businesses and startups.
Happy Valley-Goose BayRegistered Nurse (NOC 31301)Healthcare75,000 CAD – 85,000 CADProvide vital care to patients in a community hospital setting.
Corner BrookElectrician (NOC 72200Construction55,000 CAD – 70,000 CADInstall and maintain electrical systems in residential and commercial buildings.
GanderTourism Coordinator (NOC 41402Hospitality45,000 CAD – 55,000 CADPromote tourism activities and attractions in this vibrant town.
Labrador CityHeavy Equipment Operator(NOC 73400)Mining80,000 CAD – 100,000 CADOperate heavy machinery in the crucial mining industry of Labrador.


Top Cities in Newfoundland & Labrador

While Newfoundland and Labrador may not be the most populous province in Canada, its stunning scenery and vibrant communities spread across a vast landscape make it a gem worth exploring. Here are three top cities, each offering a unique flavor of “The Rock”:

St. John’s

As the bustling capital, St. John’s pulsates with energy. Dive into its rich history at Signal Hill National Historic Site, savor fresh seafood at colorful harborside cafes, or catch a lively performance at one of the many pubs and theaters. Beyond its cultural scene, St. John’s is a hub for government, healthcare, and technology, attracting professionals seeking dynamic urban living.

Corner Brook

Nestled on the West Coast, Corner Brook blends urban convenience with natural beauty. Explore world-class hiking trails in Gros Morne National Park, kayak through Marble Gulch, or visit the fascinating L’Anse aux Meadows Viking National Historic Site. Corner Brook’s economy thrives on its paper industry and transportation hub, offering manufacturing, logistics, and tourism opportunities.

Happy Valley-Goose Bay

Venture further north to Happy Valley-Goose Bay, the largest town in Labrador. Experience the warmth of Indigenous culture, witness the awe-inspiring Northern Lights dance across the winter sky, or embark on thrilling snowmobiling adventures. This growing community boasts a strong presence in healthcare, education, and government, ideal for those seeking a close-knit atmosphere and a taste of the true Labrador spirit.

Newfoundland and Labrador offers more than just these three gems. From charming fishing villages like Bonavista to the quirky capital of the French Shore, Placentia, each community unveils its unique character and charm. So, whether you crave the city lights of St. John’s, the outdoor adventures of Corner Brook, or the tranquil pace of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador has a city waiting to welcome you with open arms.

Pros and Cons of Living and Settling in Newfoundland and Labrador

Natural Beauty and Outdoor ActivitiesBreathtaking scenery with mountains, fjords, coastlines, and national parksRemote location can limit travel options and access to certain amenities
Cost of LivingAffordable housing and generally lower cost of living compared to other Canadian provincesLimited job opportunities in some sectors, potentially lower salaries
Community and CultureTight-knit communities with strong cultural identity and friendly atmosphereLimited diversity in some smaller towns, potentially isolating for newcomers
Job MarketGrowing industries in healthcare, tech, and renewable energyHigh dependence on resource extraction, vulnerable to economic fluctuations
LifestyleSlower pace of life, focus on work-life balance, strong sense of communityLimited variety of entertainment options, especially in smaller towns

Immigrating to Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador offers two exciting Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) aimed at skilled workers, international graduates, and entrepreneurs who can contribute to the province’s economy and settle permanently. Let us explore the details.

Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Programs

ProgramTarget ApplicantsKey RequirementsStreamlined Processing
Newfoundland Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)Skilled Workers, International Graduates, Entrepreneurs
  • Full-time job offer in an NLPNP-approved occupation or business plan & financial resources.
  • Meet minimum language proficiency score.
  • Demonstrate settlement funds.
  • Intend to settle permanently in NL.
Yes, for certain occupations and categories.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)Skilled workers in eligible occupations seeking employment in Atlantic Canada (including NL)
  • Job offer in an eligible occupation for at least 1 year.
  • Meet minimum language proficiency score.
  • Demonstrate settlement funds.
  • Intend to settle permanently in Atlantic Canada.
Yes, expedited processing timeline.

Ready to obtain Canadian permanent residency? Then learn more about the top ways to immigrate to Newfoundland and Labrador.


Is Newfoundland and Labrador Welcoming to Newcomers?

Absolutely! The Rock is renowned for its friendly and inclusive communities. Newfoundlanders are known for their strong sense of hospitality and willingness to help new arrivals adjust. You will find support groups, cultural events, and English language programs dedicated to welcoming and integrating immigrants who work here or have just obtained Canadian permanent residency.

Is Newfoundland & Labrador Remote?

Remote compared to bustling metropolises, yes. But that’s part of the charm! You will trade rush hour traffic for breathtaking nature walks, city noise for the calming sound of ocean waves, and crowded grocery stores for friendly corner shops where everyone knows your name. Plus, St. John’s, the capital, offers all the urban amenities you might need, and smaller communities often have close-knit support networks.

Will I Miss Out on Big-city Excitement?

While the pace of life is undoubtedly slower here, Newfoundland and Labrador is far from being devoid of excitement. There is always something to discover, from vibrant festivals and concerts in St. John’s to whale-watching tours and icebergs in Bonavista. Plus, the spirit of adventure runs deep – you might find yourself kayaking through fjords, skiing down untouched slopes, or joining lively kitchen parties with your new neighbors.

Newfoundland & Labrador
Capital City

St. John’s

Average Salary

$53,820 / year

Unemployment Rate




Top Industries

Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, Mining and Oil, Service Industries and Tourism