Life in Nova Scotia

Learn everything you need to know about life in Nova Scotia and how to get permanent residency through the Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NSPNP).

Nova Scotia, nestled alongside the Atlantic’s embrace, holds stories carved not just by salty winds and rugged waves, but by the diverse threads woven by its immigrant population. Though representing about 7.4% of the province, their impact ripples through every aspect of life. From bustling Halifax, where international flags flutter like vibrant dreams, to quiet fishing villages where accents paint unique melodies on the air, newcomers bring a richness that invigorates and inspires. In this province known for its laid-back charm and scenic beauty, a warm welcome awaits those seeking not just a new home, but a tapestry of cultures waiting to be embraced. Nova Scotia is ready to listen to the world’s whispers, and write its own story with every shared dream.

About Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, located on the eastern coast of Canada, is a province known for its rich maritime heritage and stunning landscapes. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, this province is characterized by rugged coastlines, picturesque fishing villages, and lush greenery. With a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, Nova Scotia attracts visitors and residents alike.


Nova Scotia spans approximately 55,284 square kilometers, making it one of the smaller provinces in Canada. The landscape is diverse, featuring coastal cliffs, sandy beaches, and rolling hills. Inland, there are numerous lakes, forests, and fertile valleys, contributing to the province’s overall scenic charm.

Population and Demographics

As of the latest data, Nova Scotia is home to a population of around 975,000 people. The province has a diverse demographic makeup, with individuals of European descent forming the majority. The population also includes communities with diverse ethnic backgrounds, contributing to the cultural richness of the region.


Nova Scotia’s economy is multifaceted, with major industries including fisheries, agriculture, forestry, and tourism. Additionally, the province has been making strides in sectors such as technology and renewable energy. Nova Scotia’s economic contributions play a vital role in the overall economic landscape of Canada.

Culture and Heritage

Nova Scotia boasts a vibrant cultural scene, with various events and festivals celebrated throughout the year. Events like the Halifax International Busker Festival and the Celtic Colours International Festival showcase the province’s cultural diversity. Nova Scotia also holds historical significance, with landmarks and sites reflecting its colonial past and Indigenous heritage.


The province attracts tourists with its captivating attractions, including the historic town of Lunenburg, the scenic Cabot Trail, and the iconic Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse. Visitors can experience unique activities such as whale watching, exploring historic forts, and indulging in local culinary delights like fresh seafood.


Notable educational institutions in Nova Scotia include Dalhousie University, Saint Mary’s University, and the Nova Scotia Community College. The education system is structured to provide comprehensive learning opportunities, contributing to the province’s intellectual and academic prowess.


Nova Scotia’s healthcare system is designed to provide accessible and quality medical services to its residents. Renowned medical facilities such as the QEII Health Sciences Centre in Halifax contribute to the province’s healthcare infrastructure.


The main modes of transportation within Nova Scotia include road networks, ferries, and air travel. While the province has well-maintained highways, efficient ferry services connect coastal communities. The Halifax Stanfield International Airport serves as a key transportation hub.


Nova Scotia experiences a temperate maritime climate with mild, wet winters and cool summers. While snowfall is common in winter, the province is not typically prone to extreme weather conditions. Natural phenomena like the changing colors of fall foliage are a highlight of the climate.

Government and Politics

Nova Scotia is governed as a parliamentary democracy within the constitutional monarchy of Canada. The province has various political parties, with the Progressive Conservative Party and the Nova Scotia Liberal Party being prominent players in its political landscape.


English is the predominant language spoken in Nova Scotia. While there is linguistic diversity due to immigration and historical influences, English remains the primary language used in daily communication.

Sports and Recreation

Popular sports in Nova Scotia include hockey, rugby, and soccer. The province has a rich sports culture, and events like the Nova Scotia Marathon and the Stan Rogers Folk Festival contribute to recreational activities enjoyed by residents and visitors alike.

Wildlife and Environment

Nova Scotia is home to diverse wildlife, including various bird species, marine life, and mammals. Conservation efforts aim to protect the province’s natural beauty, with initiatives focused on preserving ecosystems and biodiversity.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Nova Scotia is generally lower than the national average. Factors influencing the cost of living include housing, transportation, and healthcare. Despite regional variations, Nova Scotia offers a more affordable lifestyle compared to some other Canadian provinces.

Business and Innovation

While not as prominent as some larger urban centers, Nova Scotia has notable business and innovation hubs. Halifax, the capital city, is an economic hub with a growing technology sector. The business environment in Nova Scotia is supportive, fostering entrepreneurship and innovation in various industries.

In-Demand Jobs in Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, Canada’s easternmost province, offers more than just stunning coastal vistas and friendly locals. It’s a booming hub for diverse job opportunities, beckoning skilled professionals and newcomers alike. Whether you’re a tech whiz yearning for fresh code or a healthcare hero ready to mend communities, Nova Scotia has a niche waiting for you.

Indeed: As of October 26, 2023, Nova Scotia boasted over 15,000 open positions across various sectors.

Job Bank: The Government of Canada’s Job Bank reported over 5,000 active listings in the province on the same date.

These figures highlight the vibrant job market, and the good news doesn’t stop there. Salaries in Nova Scotia are generally competitive, with the potential for growth depending on your experience and field.

To showcase the variety, let’s explore five diverse job prospects across Nova Scotia’s cities and fields:

CityJob TitleFieldSalary Range (CAD)
HalifaxSoftware EngineerTech$70,000 – $100,000
SydneyRegistered NurseHealthcare$65,000 – $85,000
TruroWind Turbine TechnicianRenewable Energy$60,000 – $80,000
YarmouthLobster FishermanFishing$45,000 – $65,000
KentvilleWinemakerAgriculture$50,000 – $70,000

Remember, this is just a glimpse! Nova Scotia’s job market brims with possibilities in fields like education, tourism, construction, and more.

Ready to make your move? Start your job search on Indeed, Job Bank, or explore Nova Scotia’s official immigration website for resources and support. Remember, Nova Scotia isn’t just a place to work; it’s a place to thrive, surrounded by breathtaking landscapes and a welcoming community. So, pack your bags, polish your resume, and get ready to write your own Nova Scotian success story!

Top Cities in Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, Canada’s charming maritime province, beckons with rugged coastlines, vibrant harbor towns, and friendly locals. But with its diverse landscape and character, where do you start your exploration? Worry not, for this curated list of three top cities caters to different tastes, ensuring you find your perfect Nova Scotian haven.

Halifax: Urban Buzz & Historical Charm

Halifax, the province’s capital, thrums with a contagious energy. Explore the historic waterfront, lined with museums like the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, and savor fresh seafood at bustling pubs. Take a stroll through leafy Victorian gardens, lose yourself in charming shops, or catch a live performance at the renowned Neptune Theatre. Halifax offers a cosmopolitan vibe balanced with historic whispers, making it ideal for urban explorers and culture seekers.

Cape Breton Island: Nature’s Enchanting Embrace

Cape Breton Island, nestled off the Nova Scotian coast, is a nature lover’s paradise. Embark on the legendary Cabot Trail, winding along dramatic cliffs and hidden coves. Hike pristine wilderness trails in Cape Breton Highlands National Park, or kayak through tranquil Margaree River Valley. Immerse yourself in the rich Gaelic culture, savor fresh seafood in picturesque fishing villages, and witness the awe-inspiring power of the Bay of Fundy’s tides. Cape Breton Island promises an escape into breathtaking scenery and authentic local experiences.

Lunenburg: A UNESCO Gem with Maritime Heart

Step back in time to Lunenburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Nova Scotia’s oldest European settlement. Stroll through its vibrant waterfront, lined with colorful clapboard houses, and admire the Bluenose II, a replica of the famous racing schooner. Learn about Lunenburg’s shipbuilding legacy at the Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic, or explore quirky art galleries and craft shops. Savor fresh lobster rolls overlooking the harbor, and soak in the laid-back charm of this maritime gem. Lunenburg offers a nostalgic escape, perfect for those seeking a taste of Nova Scotia’s rich history and coastal tranquility.

From the artistic haven of Wolfville to the bustling port city of Sydney, your East Coast adventure awaits. So, pack your bags, grab your walking shoes, and get ready to discover your own Nova Scotian paradise!

Immigrate to Nova Scotia

Immigration RouteProgram Details
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)The NSNP is designed to nominate individuals with the skills and experience needed in the local labor market. Categories include Express Entry, Skilled Worker, Entrepreneur, International Graduate Entrepreneur, and Physician.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)A partnership between the Atlantic provinces, including Nova Scotia, the AIP targets skilled workers, intermediate-skilled workers, and international graduates to meet the region’s labor market needs.
Occupations in Demand StreamUnder the NSNP, this stream targets individuals with work experience in specified in-demand occupations in Nova Scotia.
Entrepreneur StreamThis NSNP stream is for experienced business owners or senior business managers looking to establish, purchase, or invest in a business in Nova Scotia.
International Graduate Entrepreneur StreamDesigned for recent graduates from eligible Nova Scotia universities or community colleges who have started or acquired a Nova Scotia business.

Additionally, Nova Scotia participates in the federal Express Entry (EE) system and offers opportunities through the Start-Up Visa Program. These routes are ideal for skilled workers and entrepreneurs who meet the respective criteria.

Registered Canadian Immigration Consultants (RCICs) can provide valuable assistance in navigating the immigration process, ensuring that applicants meet all requirements and deadlines.

Pros and Cons

Stunning LandscapesHarsh Winters
Rich Cultural HeritageLimited Urban Centers
Thriving Job MarketSeasonal Unemployment in Certain Sectors
Access to the Atlantic OceanRelatively Smaller Population
Low Cost of LivingLimited Public Transportation Outside Urban Areas
Quality Healthcare SystemDistance from Major Canadian Cities
Cultural Events and FestivalsAtlantic Climate – Moderate Summers, Cold Winters
Education OpportunitiesSome Remote Areas Lack Amenities
Diverse Immigration ProgramsPerceived Lack of Diversity in Some Regions
Friendliness and Welcoming CommunityDependence on Natural Resource Industries

FAQs About Nova Scotia

What is The Minimum Wage in Nova Scotia?

The minimum wage in Nova Scotia is $12.95 per hour. However, minimum wage rates can change, and it’s essential to verify the current rate from a reliable and up-to-date source, such as the official government website or the Nova Scotia Labour Standards.

How Many Universities Are There in Nova Scotia?

Nova Scotia is home to multiple universities, including Dalhousie University, Saint Mary’s University, and Acadia University, offering a diverse range of academic programs.

What is the population of Nova Scotia?

Nova Scotia is home to around 975,000 friendly residents.

Nova Scotia
Capital City


Average Salary

$45,300 / year

Unemployment Rate




Top Industries

Agriculture, Construction, Forestry, Fishing, Service Industry, Oil & Gas, Manufacturing, Mining, Healthcare and Public Administration