Life in Prince Edward Island (PEI)

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Nestled on Canada’s enchanting eastern coast, Prince Edward Island, with its beautiful landscapes and rich maritime culture, has built an attractive reputation among immigrants. Renowned for its farmlands, pristine shorelines, and vibrant communities, the island offers a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of contemporary life.

Culinary enthusiasts are attracted by the island’s gastronomic delights, featuring fresh seafood and locally grown produce. Outdoor enthusiasts find peace in its breathtaking natural beauty, from emerald-green landscapes to picturesque coastlines.

Discover the idyllic charm of life in Prince Edward Island, where rolling green landscapes meet the serene coastline, creating a picturesque backdrop for a life rich in community, culture, and natural beauty!

About Prince Edward Island

Nestled on the eastern coast of Canada, Prince Edward Island (PEI) is the smallest province in both geographical size and population. Despite its modest size, PEI boasts a rich cultural tapestry, vibrant communities, and stunning landscapes.

The Confederation Bridge, stretching over 12.9 kilometers, connects Prince Edward Island to New Brunswick. It holds the title of the world’s longest bridge over ice-covered water, providing breathtaking views of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

PEI is renowned as the “Potato Capital of Canada.” The island’s red soil is ideal for potato cultivation, and the humble spud plays a significant role in the province’s economy. With over 60 lighthouses gracing its shores, PEI has earned the moniker “Island of Lighthouses.”

Each beacon tells a tale of maritime history and adds to the island’s romantic and picturesque allure. Charlottetown, the capital of Prince Edward Island, hosted the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, a crucial event leading to the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.

Prince Edward Island Geography?

Prince Edward Island spans approximately 5,660 square kilometers, making it the smallest province in Canada. Its compact size contributes to the accessibility of its many attractions and scenic wonders.

What is The Population of Prince Edward Island?

As of the latest census, the population of Prince Edward Island is approximately 175,853 residents based on information from the Prince Edward Island government. This comparatively small but close-knit community contributes to the island’s charm and welcoming atmosphere.

What Are The Major Industries in Prince Edward Island?

Agriculture, particularly the cultivation of potatoes, is a cornerstone of PEI’s economy. The province also thrives in the sectors of:

  • Agriculture,
  • Tourism,
  • Fisheries,
  • Renewable Energy,
  • Technology and Innovation,
  • Craft Brewing and Distilling,
  • Forestry, and
  • Education and Knowledge Services.

What Cultural Events And Festivals Are Celebrated in Prince Edward Island?

Prince Edward Island is rich in cultural events and festivals, offering vibrant celebrations annually. Some notable ones include the:

  • Charlottetown Festival,
  • Cavendish Beach Music Festival,
  • Fall Flavours Festival,
  • PEI Jazz and Blues Festival,
  • PEI International Shellfish Festival,
  • Old Home Week,
  • Indian River Festival,
  • Art in the Open,
  • Belfast Highland Games, and
  • Summerside Lobster Festival.

Prince Edward Island, with its enchanting landscapes and cultural richness, offers a variety of popular tourist attractions, including:

  • Green Gables Farmhouse,
  • PEI National Park,
  • Confederation Bridge,
  • Cavendish Beach,
  • Province House National Historic Site,
  • Dalvay by the Sea,
  • Point Prim Lighthouse,
  • Stanhope Beach,
  • Victoria Row,
  • Lennox Island Mi’kmaq Cultural Centre, and
  • Anne of Green Gables Museum.

What Are The Notable Universities or Educational Institutions in Prince Edward Island?

The University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI) is the primary post-secondary institution, offering diverse academic programs and contributing to the island’s educational excellence. Other prominent educational institutions in Prince Edward Island include Holland College, Marine Training Centre – Holland College, and Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC).

How is The Healthcare System in Prince Edward Island?

PEI boasts a comprehensive healthcare system, which is as follows:

Universal Healthcare

PEI, like the rest of Canada, operates under a publicly funded healthcare system.

Provincial Health Insurance

The provincial government provides health insurance coverage to residents, ensuring that necessary medical services, including doctor visits and hospital stays, are covered.

Primary Care Services

Primary care services are readily available, with residents having access to family physicians, nurse practitioners, and other primary healthcare providers.

Hospitals and Specialized Care

Prince Edward Island has several hospitals and healthcare facilities that provide specialized care.

Emergency Services

Emergency medical services are accessible 24/7. Residents can access emergency rooms and urgent care facilities, ensuring prompt attention in critical situations.

Mental Health Services

The province recognizes the importance of mental health, and services are available to address mental health concerns.

Pharmaceutical Services

Prescription medications are covered for eligible residents through the provincial drug program.

What Are The Main Modes of Transportation Within Prince Edward Island?

While cars remain the primary mode of transportation, PEI offers a network of well-maintained roads. Additionally, cyclists enjoy the Confederation Trail, a scenic route traversing the island. Public transit services operate in urban areas, particularly in Charlottetown and Summerside.

Taxis are available in urban centers and can be hailed or booked in advance. Ferries operate between Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, providing a maritime transportation option. The Charlottetown Airport serves as the main airport on the island, offering domestic flights to various destinations. PEI embraces sustainable transportation, with increasing numbers of electric vehicle charging stations.

What is The Climate Like in Prince Edward Island?

Prince Edward Island has a temperate maritime climate according to the Koppen Classification system. The warm season in Prince Edward Island lasts for three months, beginning in early June and ending in mid-September. During this time, temperatures reach highs of up to 23°C (73.4°F) and lows generally stay around 15°C (59°F) based on data from Weatherspark.

PEI’s cold season starts in early December and ends mid-to-late March. Prince Edward Island’s coldest month is January, when average winter temperatures don’t exceed -3°C (26.6°F) and reach lows of -10°C (14°F) based on information from Weatherspark.

How is Prince Edward Island Governed?

Prince Edward Island operates under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The Lieutenant Governor represents the Queen, and the Premier leads the elected provincial government and is head of the Executive Council.

The Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island is the elected body responsible for making laws and overseeing the government. Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) get elected in provincial general elections.

What Languages Are Spoken in Prince Edward Island?

English is the predominant language spoken in Prince Edward Island. Most of the population communicates in English, the primary language for government, education, business, and daily interactions.

Prince Edward Island boasts a vibrant sports culture. Some of the popular sports in Prince Edward Island include:

  • Hockey,
  • Golf,
  • Soccer,
  • Baseball and Softball,
  • Curling,
  • Rugby, and
  • Basketball.

What is The Biodiversity Like in Prince Edward Island?

Despite its small size, PEI boasts diverse ecosystems, including coastal areas, forests, wetlands and marshes, insect and invertebrate Life, floral diversity, aquatic ecosystems, and wetlands. The island is home to various wildlife, contributing to its ecological richness.

How Does The Cost of Living in Prince Edward Island Compare to The National Average?

The cost of living in Prince Edward Island is generally lower than the national average, making it an attractive destination for those seeking affordability without compromising on quality of life. You can view this in the lower housing costs in Prince Edward Island’s major city, Charlottetown, compared to the major cities of other prominent Canadian provinces such as Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta, and Manitoba. All figures are from

Type Of ApartmentRent Per Month (CAD) In VancouverRent Per Month (CAD) In TorontoRent Per Month (CAD) In CalgaryRent Per Month (CAD) In MontrealRent Per Month (CAD) In WinnipegRent Per Month (CAD) In Charlottetown
1 bedroom apartment in the City Center2,836.482,601.971,891.321,672.921,222.491,100.00
1 bedroom apartment outside the City Center2,340.072,271.311,588.461,338.931,444.48900.00
3 bedroom apartment in the City Center5,199.184,495.742,880.772,954.291,950.002,166.67
3 bedroom apartment outside the City Center3,968.823,692.222,369.612,145.592,088.571,766.67

Are There Any Notable Business Hubs or Innovation Centers in Prince Edward Island?

While small, Prince Edward Island fosters innovation through initiatives like the Emergence Bioscience Business Incubator, supporting entrepreneurship and technological advancements. Other business innovation hubs and centers include:

  • Startup Zone,
  • PEI BioAlliance,
  • Food Island Partnership,
  • Prince Edward Island (UPEI) Innovation and Entrepreneurship Center,
  • Central Development Corporation (CDC), and
  • Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA).


In Demand Jobs in Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI) has experienced economic growth and diversification, creating demand for workers in various sectors. The unemployment rate in and around Prince Edward Island’s major urban area, Charlottetown, is 5.5% based on Statistics Canada.

This ensures that newcomers to the province have a high probability of finding permanent, full-time employment when settling in this region. Here is a list of 5 of the most in-demand jobs in Prince Edward Island, with National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes and annual average salaries from Canada’s Job Bank.

In Demand Occupations In PEIAverage Annual Salary (CAD) In PEINational Occupational Classification (NOC) Codes
Registered Nurse105,487.9831301
Software Developer78,588.5521232
Aquaculture and Marine Harvest Labourers50,114.7685102
Tour and Travel Guide45,358.3264320

Top Cities in Prince Edward Island

Here are some notable places in Prince Edward Island.


As the capital city, Charlottetown is the largest urban center in PEI. It’s known for its historic charm, cultural attractions, and as the birthplace of the Canadian Confederation. Charlottetown offers a range of amenities, including shopping, dining, and entertainment.


Located west of the island, Summerside is the second-largest city in Prince Edward Island. It has a bustling waterfront, parks, and residential and commercial areas. The city hosts events and festivals throughout the year.


Situated just east of Charlottetown, Stratford is a growing community known for its residential developments and proximity to the capital. It offers a mix of suburban and rural living.


Cornwall is a town located southwest of Charlottetown. It has residential and commercial districts, community services, and recreational facilities.


Located on the eastern side of PEI, Montague has a picturesque waterfront. It offers a mix of small-town charm and community services.


Souris is a coastal town on the east tip of the island. Known for its harbor and lighthouse, Souris attracts visitors with its scenic views and outdoor activities.


Kensington is a small town in the central part of the island. It has a rural character and plenty of agricultural land.


Alberton is situated in the western part of PEI. It is a small town with a focus on community and local services.

Immigrate to Prince Edward Island

Express Entry System

The Express Entry system is an online platform used by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to manage immigration applications from skilled workers who want to gain permanent residency in Canada. It offers a streamlined immigration pathway consisting of three main immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Canadian Experience Class, and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

Find out more about the Express Entry system.

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program

The Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP) is an immigration program that targets immigrants with business acumen, skilled workers, and young graduates fresh from post-secondary education who want to obtain Canadian PR. The program offers several immigration streams divided into three categories: Business Impact, Labour Impact, and Express Entry.

Learn more about Prince Edward Islands’ PNP.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP) is a federal immigration program that helps employers in Atlantic Canada recruit skilled foreign workers and international graduates to fill job vacancies. The program operates as a partnership between Canada’s federal government and the provinces of:

  • Nova Scotia,
  • New Brunswick,
  • Newfoundland & Labrador, and
  • Prince Edward Island.

Find out more about the Atlantic Immigration Pilot.

Canadian Immigration Pilots

Canada has several immigration pilot programs that want to attract and retain skilled workers in specific regions and industries. Some of these programs include the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP), the Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP), the Agri-Food Pilot, and the Homecaregiver Pilot.

These programs are designed to address the specific labor needs of certain communities or industries and provide a pathway to permanent residence for eligible candidates.

Find out more about Canada’s Immigration Pilots.

Business Immigration to Prince Edward Island

Business immigration to Canada is encouraged to facilitate the admission of successful business people seeking new opportunities and challenges. The Business Immigration Program welcomes foreign business immigrants’, and offers services to help them start or invest in a business in Canada. There are several business immigration programs available, including the Self-Employed Program and the Start-up Visa Program.

Learn more about Canadian Business Immigration programs.

Pros and Cons in Prince Edward Island

Pros Of Life In Prince Edward IslandCons Of Life In Prince Edward Island
Scenic Beauty: PEI is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, including red sand beaches, rolling hills, and charming rural settings.Limited Job Market: The job market can be limited, particularly in certain specialized fields. 
Community Spirit: The smaller population fosters a strong sense of community.Seasonal Employment: The tourism industry is significant, but it also means that some jobs are seasonal.
Quality of Life: PEI offers a relatively laid-back lifestyle with a focus on work-life balance.Isolation and Accessibility: The island’s geographical isolation can be a challenge, especially for those accustomed to the conveniences of larger cities
Affordable Housing: Housing costs are generally more affordable than in larger cities in CanadaHealthcare Resources: While healthcare services are available, some specialized medical services may require travel to the mainland.
Cultural Charm: Rich in history, PEI has a cultural charm reflected in its heritage buildings, local traditions, and vibrant arts scene.Harsh Winters: Winters in PEI can be harsh, with cold temperatures and snowfall.
Agricultural Opportunities: The province is known for its vibrant farming community and fresh, local produce.Limited Urban Amenities: While Charlottetown offers urban amenities, they may be more limited compared to larger cities.
Peaceful Atmosphere: The peaceful atmosphere of the island appeals to those seeking a tranquil and safe environment for themselves and their families.Educational Options: While PEI has educational institutions, options for specialized or advanced education may be limited compared to larger provinces.
Outdoor Activities: Residents can engage in various outdoor activities, including hiking, cycling, and water sports, taking advantage of the island’s natural surroundings.Economic Dependency: The economy of PEI is influenced by factors like agriculture and tourism.


FAQs About Prince Edward Island

What is The Best Way to Explore The Island?

The best way to explore Prince Edward Island (PEI) depends on your preferences and interests. Some popular options include:

  • Self-Driving: Renting a car allows you to explore the island at your own pace,
  • Guided Tours: Joining a guided tour can provide a more structured and informative experience, and
  • Cruise Ship Tours: Tour options are available for visitors arriving in PEI aboard a cruise ship.

How Many Lighthouses Are There in Prince Edward Island And Can We Visit Any?

There are 45 lighthouses in Prince Edward Island, which are open to visitors. Some popular lighthouses include:

  • Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse: Located in Peggy’s Cove, this lighthouse is a popular tourist attraction and offers stunning views of the coast,
  • Cape Bear Lighthouse: A historic lighthouse located on the eastern tip of PEI, offering panoramic views of the Northumberland Strait,
  • East Point Lighthouse: A restored lighthouse that now serves as a museum and art gallery, showcasing the work of local artists.
Prince Edward Island
Capital City


Average Salary

$42,380 / year

Unemployment Rate




Top Industries

Agriculture, Aerospace, Bioscience, Fisheries, Healthcare, Information Technology, Renewable Resources and Tourism